The town of Vratsa is located at a distance of about 110 km from Sofia, in North-west Bulgaria. The region has been inhabited since antiquity, and during the centuries the town had an important strategic, economical and cultural significance.
You can learn more about the rich and ancient history of Vratsa in the History Museum of the town. Some of the most important treasures of Bulgaria are kept here.
What to do in Vratsa
A special hall presents the 165 silver vessels of the Rogozen treasure, dating back to the 4th century BC. Other exceptionally valuable articles of the museum are the golden crown and the golden earrings from the Mogilanska mound.
The Ethnographic Complex in Vratsa houses the Museum of Phaeton, in which visitors can learn more about the technology of making the vehicles of the past.
In the natural park “Vratsa Balkan” there are multiple marked routes, which lead to interesting natural phenomena and beautiful localities.
On the territory of the natural park and very close to Vratsa lies the Ledenica cave. On the mount Okolchitsa in the Vratsa Balkan raises a stone cross, by which the deed of the poet and revolutionary Hristo Botev (1848 – 1876) and the rebels of his detachment is immortalized.
Video guide for Vratsa by 3 Minute Bulgaria
Vratsa is also an interesting place for visiting because of the incredible opportunities for ecological tourism and the hiking tours, which the Vratsa Balkan offers.
Natural park „Vrachanski Balkan“
Natural park „Vrachanski Balkan“ was designated as protected territory in the end of 1989, and since March 1997 it was designated as protected site with international importance. The park territory comprises an area of 28 803.9 hectares, including the Vrachanska mountain and the Lakatnishki skali (Lakatnik rocks) massif.
It is the second largest natural park in Bulgaria. Large areas of the park are occupied by surface karst forms like hollows, pools and caverns, whose margins are surrounded by huge beech forests. Within the park are found some of the most fascinating caves and chasms, whose total number exceeds 600.
In Natural Park “Vrachanski Balkan” are preserved more than 1,000 species of higher plants. Unique and protected plants within the area are: Campanula jordanovii, Centranthus kellererii, Chamaecytisus kovacevii, Juniperus sabina, Lilium jankae…
THE GORGE “VRATSATA”
The gorge Vratsata surrounds the gorge of the Leva River and represents a rarely beautiful and impressive cliff . It is a symbol of Vratsa and associated with the name of the town.
The vertical walls of Vratsata, rising over 400 meters, are the highest on the Balkan Peninsula for this altitude and the most popular climbing site in Bulgaria.
Remains of the medieval fortress Vratitsa (X–XII century) are preserved in the gorge.
The road to the Ledenika cave, Parshevitsa hut and the village of Zgorigrad runs through the gorgeSlene velcevii and Traunsteneira globosa.
How to get there: by car or by foot, 1 km from town of Vratsa, direction village Zgorigrad, along the Leva river bed.
2. ENTERTAINMENT PARK “LEDENIKA” AND LEDENIKA CAVE
Ledenika cave is one of the most visited caves in Bulgaria. It is opened for visitors all year round. The cave is 320 m at length and has 10 halls.
The entertainment park “Ledenika” is located immediately next to the cave and includes a visitor’s center with exhibitions and a 5D-movie, a rope garden, a climbing wall, an amphitheatre and topical fairy tail park.
The visitors center offers walks along eco trails, sport games and competitions for all age visitors, artistic events related to the natural resources of “Vrachanski Balkan” Nature Park, quizzes, carnivals, photo-pleners on a specific theme, and many others. Stamp 16 of the 100 National tourist sites.
How to get there: by car, on an asphalt road 16 km from the town of Vratsa, passing through Vratzata gorge and taking right turn.
3. “BOROV KAMAK” WATERFALL
Borov Kamak is located southwest to the village of Zgorigrad and has a height of 63 meters. One of the most attractive and popular ecopaths in the country – the Vratsa ecopath – leads to the waterfall.
The trail follows the canyon of the Leva River, with wooden bridges, many stairs and railings built on both sides of the river. Besides the majestic waterfall, the area is also famous for its ancient oak trees.
How to get there: the beginning of the trail – by car or by foot, 4 km from town of
Vratsa, at the end of the village Zgorigrad
4. “SKAKLYA” WATERFALL
Skaklya is the highest intermittently ‑ owing waterfall in Balkan Penincula 141 meters. It is located 1.5 km. south of Vratsa, behind the hill Kaleto. The region also contains remains of the medieval Bulgarian settlement Patleina.
Beautiful in all seasons, from the top of the waterfall there are stunning views over the town of Vratsa and the Vratsa field. e waterfall is intersection of several hiking trails.
How to get there: by car or on foot, to the area above the hospital in the town of Vratsa, therefrom with 1 hour climb you will reach the foot of the waterfall. ‑ The thematic trail Vratsa – Skaklya waterfall – Voyvodin dol passes there