Bulgarian rose

Unveiling the Captivating Beauty of Bulgaria's Damask Rose: A Fragrant Journey

The Damask rose, scientifically known as Rosa Damascena, is an important part of Bulgaria’s heritage. Rose cultivation began centuries ago, and the Bulgarian people have treasured their connection with this gorgeous bloom ever since. The country’s temperate temperature, abundant sunshine, and excellent soil provide ideal growing conditions for these delicate blooms. The beautiful symphony that fills the air will fascinate you as you walk through the rose fields.

Close your eyes and allow the enticing perfume of the rose to envelope your senses. It has floral notes, sweet undertones, and mild touches of spice combine to produce a very unique fragrance. You’ll find delicate notes of honey and fruit within each petal, adding to the attraction of this remarkable flower. The rose oil, also known as rose otto, is one of its most valuable offerings. Rose collection is still done by hand because it is not yet mechanized. 

The laborious technique of steam distillation retains the essence and therapeutic benefits of the petals, resulting in a liquid gold prized by perfumers and skincare craftsmen around the world. The extraction and fermentation of the oil take considerably longer than in the case of whiskey, which is why a litre of rose oil is significantly more expensive.

Rose petals are placed in boilers filled with water, and the water is then heated. This technique is repeated multiple times until you get this amazing and fragrant elixir. Bulgarian rose oil is used to give grandeur and elegance to exquisite perfumes and high-end skincare products

3,500 kg of rose petals are required to make 1 litre of oil. Another interesting fact is that Bulgaria produces 70% of rose oil and has received multiple medals at international fairs. 

Experience the lively Rose Festival and immerse yourself in the Damask Rose’s rich cultural legacy. This yearly celebration honors the centuries-old heritage of rose cultivation in the town of Kazanlak and other rose-growing localities. Witness skillful hands choosing beautiful roses, listen to traditional dances and music, and take in enthralling demonstrations that highlight the beauty and value of the Damask rose.

Aside from its aromatic beauty, the Damask rose has a place in Bulgarian cuisine. Rose water made from these blossoms offers a subtle floral accent to classic pastries, beverages, and sweets. Allow your taste buds to delight in culinary pleasures that accentuate the delicate flavor of the Damask rose.

This year, 2023, the Festival of collection of roses will be from the 2-4th of June in the city of Kazanlak.